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Orwell was deeply opposed to totalitarianism — as is evident in one of his most prominent novels, Animal Farm. Orwell succumbed to a fatal lung condition at the age of Animal Farm inspired several other works, including the movie appropriately titled: Summary Manor Farm, a modest English farm, is operated by the impetuous drunkard, Mr.
Late one evening, Old Major, a senior boar, summons all of the farms animals. Old Major knows that his life will soon end and feels it necessary to pass along a few words of wisdom. As the animals listen on intently, Old Major explains to them that all of the suffering and misery endured by animals is caused at the hands of Man.
Three months after his passing, the animals rise up against Mr. The animals adorn the side of the barn with the Seven Commandments of Animalism and agree to abide by these rules at all time. They declare that every animal is create equal and must not ever act in a way that a human would, this incudes not sleeping in a bed, killing their fellow animal, walking on two legs, consuming alcohol, etc.
After the final discussion, Napoleon enlists the aid of dogs, which he has secretly groomed to serve him, to turn on Snowball and chase him away from Animal Farm. With Snowball gone, Napoleon has no trouble convincing the others that he was a negative influence on them and strips them of their right to vote.
He puts the animals to work on construction and has Boxer lead them.
Acting entirely against the commandments, the pigs start to barter with neighboring farms, move inside the farmhouse, and even begin to sleep in beds. Understandably, the other animals are confused. The windmill, unable to stand up to a storm and an attack by the humans, eventually falls.
Unable to accept culpability, Napoleon blames everything on Snowball, the traitor, and deploys fear tactics and even deadly force an all of those who might question him. Behind the scenes, the pigs rewrite each of the commandments in order to substantiate their deceitfulness.
They start to ration less food for the other animals and insist that the animals must work harder and longer while they in turn work less.
The rest of the farm animals, misled by the stories concocted by the pigs, believe that they are part of a great revolution. However, when Boxer, the most steadfast worker on the farm, grows old and tired and is no longer able to work, he is sent by the pigs to a glue factory and the money made is used to buy whiskey.
More years go by, and the original members of the animal revolution begin to pass. The ones that remain have difficulty remembering the original philosophies and objectives. The pigs have learned how to walk on their hind legs and have resorted to carrying whips. But some animals are more equal than others.
The rest of the animals gaze on in disbelief; they are no longer able to differentiate the humans from the pigs. Totalitarianism refers to a state of government that seeks out ultimate control over every aspect of life — from thoughts, beliefs, ideas and even politics and economics.
Every totalitarian state endeavors to justify their governance.
For example, Jones operates Manor Farm on the pretence that humans are superior to animals, while Napoleon operates Animal Farm claiming to fight for the rights of animals against unscrupulous humans. In his dying declaration, Old Major offers the animals a new viewpoint of their life under the rule of Jones.
This causes the animals to envision a better way of life, free from the perils of exploitation at the hands of the humans. The revolution depicted in Animal Farm, like all revolutions, is formed out of a joint desire for a better life. Initially, the pigs are excited about the concept of animal equality, however, through their own self-interest, they create the totalitarian state that they pledged to destroy.
Class Warfare At its very roots, Animalism states that all animals are equal. As years progress, the pigs begin to segregate their offspring from those of the others, and establish themselves as the dominant class, while the other animals are merely menial staff.
It is through his teachings that the other farm animals decide to revolt. A prize pig, Old Major has lead a life of privilege and has acquired noble status amongst the others.
It is this status, and life of leisure, that has allowed him the time necessary to develop a full understanding of the depths of the exploitation that animals experience at the hands of mankind.
He symbolizes the forefathers of communism, Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin. Napoleon A member of the pigs, and a disciple of Old Major.
He is shrewd, cowardly, evil and extremely selfish.
Despite having completely supported the revolution, Napoleon is much more interested in taking a position of power for himself. It is this thirst for power that causes to construct a totalitarianism government — ripe with terror and lies. A government that is considerably more evil than Mr.
He symbolizes Stalin, leader of the Soviet Union from to CP ENGLISH 9 9th Grade CP SUMMER READING ASSIGNMENTS You will be working on 1 assignment. You will be reading Animal Farm by George Orwell. Assignment: Animal Farm-George Orwell It is due the first day of school, Wednesday, August 19, George Orwell's Writing George Orwell is best known for his fiction writing, particularly Animal Farm and In 'Shooting an Elephant' he demonstrates his talent in non-fiction writing.
Not everyone was familiar with the way in which the British Imperial rule worked and Orwell uses his rhetorical language to bring the readers of his essay.
Comparison of and Animal Farm In George Orwell's and Animal Farm, reality is defined by what the leaders tell the commoners it is, and the idea of individuality and free. Welcome to The Literature Network! We offer searchable online literature for the student, educator, or enthusiast.
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Animal farm and Napoleon, the leader of all the animals of the Rebellion, can be compared and contrasted with Big Brother, the leader of all the people of Both Big Brother and Napoleon show the qualities of a cruel ruler.
Animal Farm 9: Audiobook Recordings Animal Farm Handouts and Assignments Below you can find copies of assignments and handouts used throughout the Animal Farm unit.