Max Gerber] I am often asked whether I agree with the new group selectionists, and the questioners are always surprised when I say I do not. After all, group selection sounds like a reasonable extension of evolutionary theory and a plausible explanation of the social nature of humans. Also, the group selectionists tend to declare victory, and write as if their theory has already superseded a narrow, reductionist dogma that selection acts only at the level of genes.
The best reporting on social science statistics, like the best reporting in most areas, comes from The Onion: What do you think of this? And that standard of whiteness not only erases the experience of people of color; it reflects the actual exclusion of these people in poly life and communities.
But it seems to eventually settle on a thesis that black people really are strongly underrepresented.
For the record, here is a small sample of other communities where black people are strongly underrepresented: Occupy Wall Street protesters unknown but low, one source says 1. Environmentalists various but universally low. Wikipedia contributors unknown but low. Yoga enthusiasts unknown but low. Can you see what all of these groups have in common?
But what I noticed when I looked up those numbers was that in every case, the people involved have come up with a pat explanation that sounds perfectly plausible right up until you compare it to any other group, at which point it bursts into flames.
For example, Some people explain try to explain declining black interest in baseball by appeal to how some baseball personality made some horribly racist remark. But Donald Sterling continues to be racist as heck, and black people continue to be more than three-quarters of basketball players.
But blacks are also underrepresented in groups with precisely the opposite politics.
That they make up only 1. Blacks are more likely to endorse environmentalism than whites, but less likely to be involved in the environmentalist movement. I would guess most of the underrepresentation of black people in all of these things are for the same couple of reasons. For example, bird-watching requires you live somewhere suburban or rural where there are interesting birds, want to waste money on binoculars, and have some free time.
Swimming requires you live in an area where the schools or at least the neighborhoods have pools.
Third, the thrive-survive dichotomy says materially insecure people are going to value community and conformity more. Many of these things require leaving the general community to participate in a weird insular subculture, and that requires a sort of lack of preexisting community bonds that I think only comes with the upper middle class.
Being a black person probably already exposes you to enough stigma, without becoming a furry as well. Fifth, we already know that neighborhoods and churches tend to end up mostly monoracial through a complicated process of aggregating small acts of self-segregation based on slight preferences not to be completely surrounded by people of a different race.
Sixth, even when black people are involved in weird subcultures, they may do them separately from white people, leading white people to think their hobby is almost all white — and leading mostly white academics to miss them in their studies. I once heard about a professor who accused Alcoholics Anonymous of being racist, on the grounds that its membership was almost entirely white.
The white professor had surveyed AA groups in his white neighborhood and asked his white friends and white grad students to do the same. Meanwhile, when more sober minds no pun intended investigated, they found black areas had thriving majority-black AA communities.
Seventh, a lot of groups are stratified by education level. This matters a lot in areas like atheism that are disproportionately limited to the most educated individuals. There has to be a strong education filter on polyamory to produce those kinds of numbers, and I think that alone is big enough to explain most of the black underrepresentation.We have tried to be objective in our treatment of this issue, and to describe fairly from all viewpoints.
This essay is dedicated to the past U.S. Surgeon General, Joycelyn Elders. Essay This essay is going to examine the main differences between the work of individuals and the work of a group.
The perception of the author of the essay title basically states that there are more benefits than drawbacks in the individual work when comparing to the group work as well as that a given task can be completed more .
May (This essay was originally published in Hackers & Painters.) If you wanted to get rich, how would you do it?
We have tried to be objective in our treatment of this issue, and to describe fairly from all viewpoints. This essay is dedicated to the past U.S. Surgeon General, Joycelyn Elders. [Content warning: Politics, religion, social justice, spoilers for “The Secret of Father Brown”. This isn’t especially original to me and I don’t claim anything more than to be explaining and rewording things I have heard from a bunch of other people. The best reporting on social science statistics, like the best reporting in most areas, comes from The Onion: CAMBRIDGE, MA—A Harvard University study of more than 2, middle-income African-American families found that, when compared to other ethnic groups in .
I think your best bet would be to start or join a startup. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 75, lessons in math, English, science, history, and more.
Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. Published: Thu, 01 Jun In this essay various aspects of working in a group vs.
working individually will be discussed. The idea here will be to study the pros and cons with relation to the particular individual and not to the group of which he is a part. hot controversial religious topics. Instead, we try to explain all viewpoints fairly, accurately, completely, and with balance..
As a result, you are certain to find material in this section and throughout the rest of this web site that agrees with your beliefs.