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However, this generalization was statistical and was not approved of by de Broglie, who said "that the particle must be the seat of an internal periodic movement and that it must move in a wave in order to remain in phase with it was ignored by the actual physicists [who are] wrong to consider a wave propagation without localization of the particle, which was quite contrary to my original ideas.
Originally, de Broglie thought that real wave i.
This wavefunction gives an appearance of wave behavior to matter, without making real physical waves appear. However, until the end of his life de Broglie returned to a direct and real physical interpretation of matter-waves, following the work of David Bohm.
The de Broglie—Bohm theory is today the only interpretation giving real status to matter-waves and representing the predictions of quantum theory. Conjecture of an internal clock of the electron[ edit ] In his thesis, de Broglie conjectured that the electron has an internal clock that constitutes part of the mechanism by which a pilot wave guides a particle.
That a photon is not quite massless is imposed by the coherence of his theory. Incidentally, this rejection of the hypothesis of a massless photon enabled him to doubt the hypothesis of the expansion of the universe.
In addition, he believed that the true mass of particles is not constant, but variable, and that each particle can be represented as a thermodynamic machine equivalent to a cyclic integral of action. Generalization of the principle of least action[ edit ] In the second part of his thesis, de Broglie used the equivalence of the mechanical principle of least action with Fermat's optical principle: Up to his final work, he appeared to be the physicist who most sought that dimension of action which Max Planckat the beginning of the 20th century, had shown to be the only universal unity with his dimension of entropy.
Duality of the laws of nature[ edit ] Far from claiming to make "the contradiction disappear" which Max Born thought could be achieved with a statistical approach, de Broglie extended wave—particle duality to all particles and to crystals which revealed the effects of diffraction and extended the principle of duality to the laws of nature.
His last work made a single system of laws from the two large systems of thermodynamics and of mechanics: When Boltzmann and his continuators developed their statistical interpretation of Thermodynamics, one could have considered Thermodynamics to be a complicated branch of Dynamics. But, with my actual ideas, it's Dynamics that appear to be a simplified branch of Thermodynamics.
I think that, of all the ideas that I've introduced in quantum theory in these past years, it's that idea that is, by far, the most important and the most profound. That idea seems to match the continuous—discontinuous duality, since its dynamics could be the limit of its thermodynamics when transitions to continuous limits are postulated.
It is also close to that of Leibnizwho posited the necessity of "architectonic principles" to complete the system of mechanical laws. However, according to him, there is less duality, in the sense of opposition, than synthesis one is the limit of the other and the effort of synthesis is constant according to him, like in his first formula, in which the first member pertains to mechanics and the second to optics:The thesis including published works is not a different degree; rather, it is a thesis format that includes papers that have been submitted, or accepted, for publication, during the course of the student's enrolment in the relevant graduate research degree at Monash.
Challenges in long-term care in Europe. A study of national policies Spasova S., Baeten R., Coster S., Ghailani D., Peña-Casas R.
and Vanhercke B. () The ESPN is managed by the Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research (LISER) and APPLICA, together with the European Social Observatory (OSE). According to Stephen Laumakis, pratītyasamutpāda is also an epistemological principle; that is, a theory about how we gain correct and incorrect knowledge about being, becoming, existence and reality.
The 'dependent origination' doctrine, states Peter Harvey, "highlights the Buddhist notion that all apparently substantial entities within the world are in fact wrongly perceived. 3 PUBLICATIONS AND PRESENTATIONS ARISING FROM THIS THESIS Publications in press 1.
Khan HS, Zeegers MP, Schouten LJ, van Dijk BAC, Goldbohm RA, Schalken J, Shajahan S, Pearlman A, Oddoux C, van den Brandt PA, Ostrer H. Genetic marker.
- welcome to the wonderful world of soviet books. - this site attempts to catalogue the amazing books in english, hindi and other indian languages, published the soviet union (ussr).
Presented at the International IRCOBI Conference on the biomechanics of impact, September , , Hannover, Germany marked physiological as well as histological changes, it .