For 50 years, Marie kept quiet about her experience, but just before her death inshe recorded her memories on 77 cassette tapes. Jews, wearing the legally mandated yellow stars on their coats, were first excluded from many professions and public places, and then many were sent to do forced labor. She befriended some of the girls, and they rebelled when they could: The German embassy in Sofia made this passport, and added a comment on another page:
Choosing to Participate As the German Reich expanded throughout Europe in the first two years of World War II, the German government began to exploit the resources of its newly acquired empire to meet the needs of the German military and the citizens at home. Wars often cause shortages of goods and resources that are usually available to governments and individuals in times of peace.
As supplies become scarce, governments must send them first to the military and soldiers, which often leaves civilians at home to face considerable hardship, even hunger. Therefore, in order to supply its military and also to maintain support from its citizens, Germany confiscated large portions of the food, raw materials, and manufactured goods produced in the newly conquered territories.
German leaders also encouraged soldiers to send food and other goods home from the countries where they were stationed.
New German policies were designed to make buying goods in conquered countries as easy and inexpensive as possible for soldiers. First, a high exchange rate was set for the Reichsmark against other currencies, which increased the amount of goods that could be bought in occupied countries with German money.
In order to afford the pay raises, the Nazis forced the occupied countries to pay for the cost of the German occupation, a cost that Germany alone would determine. These policies led to massive shipments of foreign goods from soldiers to their families in Germany: The letters written by German soldiers are full of reports and promises of goods, looted or purchased with their German Reichsmarks, being sent to their families in Germany.
Mothers and wives sent money in the post to their sons in France and Belgium, Latvia and Greece, intended for them to buy supplies to take or send home. Soldiers seldom returned to Germany without carrying bags and suitcases of presents, purchased or purloined.
After the regime lifted restrictions on how much could be taken or sent home in this way, the number of packages from France to Germany by military post soon ran at more than three million a month.
Kurt Dreyer, a German soldier, sent the following letter to his wife and son in Germany, accompanied by a pair of boots: What is it going to be like in winter?
All the trains here are constantly delayed by hours. The old Polish tempo still reigns here. On Saturday I took the long boots off of a dead Jewish woman, approximately size Maybe the boy can wear them if new heels are put under them. They are very good, high boots. Tommy [nickname for the British military] is probably leaving you alone a bit; he has enough to do in Africa.
We should hope that he soon obtains a powerful defeat there. I send many heartfelt greetings to Trudi and thank the Becker family for their regards that were passed on. My best wishes to both of you for a healthy reunion soon at home.
The zeal of whole divisions of bargain hunters, family providers, and insatiable opportunists considerably alleviated the hardships of war.
It fostered a sense of material connection between the battlefield and the home front. The calculated policy of allowing soldiers to personally enrich themselves at the expense of foreign peoples gave rise to the feeling that their interests were being watched over from above and that small oases of pleasure were possible within the larger war.Nazi human experimentation was a series of medical experiments on large numbers of prisoners, including children, by Nazi Germany in its concentration camps in the early to mid s, during World War II and the Holocaust.
The Benefits of the Holocaust for the Jews The Holocaust and the murder of approximately 6 million Jews by the Nazi Germany during World War II was and is till now one of the few genocide attempts, which were precisely organized and planned for total annihilation of the Jews.
Former citizens and residents of the Netherlands and Dutch colonies who suffer financial hardship due to physical disabilities resulting from persecution during World War II may be eligible to receive certain supplementary benefits (Wuv, Wubo, Wbp) from the Dutch government Pensions and . World War II and the Holocaust.
During the next two years German forces were victorious, invading Denmark and Norway, the Low Countries (Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg) and France. In addition to millions of other victims, Nazi Germany and its collaborators murdered close to two out of every three Jews in Europe.
Hundreds of. The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah, was a genocide during World War II in which Nazi Germany, aided by its collaborators, systematically murdered some six million European Jews, around two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe, between and The Holocaust and the murder of approximately 6 million Jews by the Nazi Germany during World War II was and is till now one of the few genocide attempts, which were precisely organized and planned for total annihilation of the Jews.