Third Parties Procedure To preview the lesson, students will watch a montage of photographs of Theodore Roosevelt while listening to his The Right of the People to Rule speech. Next, we will review the definition of a third party.
First party to hold a convention to nominate candidates Prohibition Party Has nominated a candidate for president in every election since Progressive Party Elected a number of candidates to state legislatures, Congress, and even the U. Green Party Some members have won local elections. People who feel strongly about a particular issue might be drawn to a third party that focuses exclusively on that issue.
The Greenback Party focused on the monetary system, and the Prohibition Party sought to ban the consumption of alcohol. The Populist Party, meanwhile, grew out of the Populist movement, and the Republican Party developed primarily out of the abolitionist movement.
Dissatisfaction with the status quo: Some third parties form when part of a major party breaks off in protest and forms a splinter party. InTheodore Roosevelt led a group of dissidents out of the Republican Party to form the splinter Progressive Party. Third parties can be closely tied to a specific region, which can increase their appeal.
If the leader leaves the party, however, the party often collapses, which is what happened to the Reform Party in the mids.
Inthe party split in two over the candidacy of former Republican Pat Buchanan. Neither Buchanan nor his Reform Party rival gained many votes, and the party has largely disappeared from the national stage. The Role of Third Parties Despite their lack of success in the polls, third parties can affect American politics in a number of ways: Third parties propose many government policies and practices.
The Populist Party introduced ideas that influenced some economic policies of the New Deal, whereas the Anti-Masonic Party was the first party to use a convention to nominate its candidates, in the mid-nineteenth century.
Put issues on the agenda: Third parties can force the major parties to address potentially divisive problems. Inneither Bill Clinton nor George H. Bush talked much about the budget deficit until independent candidate Ross Perot emphasized it in his campaign. Third parties can cost one party an election by playing the spoiler.
If a third party draws enough votes away from a major party, it can prevent that party from winning. It is impossible to know for sure what would have happened had the third-party candidate not run, but in some cases, it seems that the third party probably cost one candidate the election.
Keep the major parties honest: A leftist party can challenge the Democratic Party, for example, on social justice issues, whereas a conservative party can pose problems for the Republican Party.
Because third-party candidates usually have little chance of winning, they can speak more frankly than their major party rivals, addressing facts and issues that the major parties would often prefer to ignore.Minor political parties can play an important role in a county's politics by virtue of their ability to influence the controlling party to adopt some of their platforms.
Because they are not guaranteed a good chance of winning a major election and becoming a controlling party, minor political.
Third party is a term used in the United States for American political parties other than the Republican and Democratic parties. Contents 1 Current U.S. third parties.
A Brief Look at the History of Third Parties in America by Gary Odom, political activist and former National Field Director for the Constitution Party Most Americans have been led to believe that that the United States has a two-party political system. Third Parties in American Politics The electoral system in the United States works against a proliferation of political parties.
This fact has not prevented minor parties or independents from running for office at the local, state, and national levels, however.
Perot's national organization, known as "United We Stand America" succeeded in getting Perot on the ballot in all 50 states. Perot won 19 percent of the vote in November, the best result for a third party candidate in 80 years.
Following the election, Perot and "United We Stand America" organized into the Reform Party. Third party is a term used in the United States for American political parties other than the Republican and Democratic parties.