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Dowsing for metal ore, from " De re metallica libri XII" book Use of a divining Rod observed in Britain in the late 18th century Dowsing as practiced today may have originated in Germany during the 16th century, when it was used in attempts to find metals. As early as Martin Luther listed dowsing for metals as an act that broke the first commandment i.
By Georgius Agricola 's treatment of write about spring season in hindi and smelting of ore, De Re Metallicaincluded a detailed description of dowsing for metal ore. There are many great contentions between miners concerning the forked twig, for some say that it is of the greatest use in discovering veins, and others deny it.
All alike grasp the forks of the twig with their hands, clenching their fists, it being necessary that the clenched fingers should be held toward the sky in order that the twig should be raised at that end where the two branches meet.
Then they wander hither and thither at random through mountainous regions. In other parts of England, the technique was used in Elizabeth's royal mines for calamine. By German miners were recorded using the technique in silver mines in Wales.
In the philosopher John Locke, who was born in the West Country, used the term deusing-rod for the old Latin name virgula divina. Boyle saw the hazel divining rod "virgula divinatoria" stoop in the hands of the diviner, who protested that he was not applying any force to the twig; Boyle accepted the man's genuine belief but himself remained unconvinced.
Barrett wrote in his book Psychical Research that: Teresa of Spain, the following incident is narrated: This, I believe, is the first historical reference to dowsing for water. Its abuse led to a decree of the inquisition inforbidding its employment for purposes of justice.
The following explanation is from William Pryce 's Mineralogia Cornubiensis: In effect the Mineral particles seem to be emitted from the earth; now the Virgula [rod], being of a light porous wood, gives an easy passage to these particles, which are also very fine and subtle; the effluvia then driven forwards by those that follow them, and pressed at the same time by the atmosphere incumbent on them, are forced to enter the little interstices between the fibres of the wood, and by that effort they oblige it to incline, or dip down perpendicularly, to become parallel with the little columns which those vapours form in their rise.
A study towards the end of the nineteenth century concluded that the phenomenon was attributed to cryptesthesia, whereby the practitioner made unconscious observations of the terrain and involuntarily influenced the movement of the rod.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. July Y-Rods[ edit ] George Casely uses a hazel twig to attempt to find water on the land around his Devon farm Traditionally, the most common dowsing rod is a forked Y-shaped branch from a tree or bush.
Some dowsers prefer branches from particular trees, and some prefer the branches to be freshly cut. Hazel twigs in Europe and witch-hazel in the United States are traditionally commonly chosen, as are branches from willow or peach trees.
The two ends on the forked side are held one in each hand with the third the stem of the Y pointing straight ahead. Often the branches are grasped palms down.
The dowser then walks slowly over the places where he suspects the target for example, minerals or water may be, and the dowsing rod is expected to dip, incline or twitch when a discovery is made. This method is sometimes known as "willow witching".
L-Rods[ edit ] Two L-shaped metal wire rods Many dowsers today use a pair of simple L-shaped metal rods. One rod is held in each hand, with the short arm of the L held upright, and the long arm pointing forward.
When something is "found", the rods cross over one another. If the object is long and straight, such as a water pipe, the rods may point in opposite directions, showing its orientation. The rods may be fashioned from wire coat hangers or wire flags used for locating utilities.
Glass or plastic rods have also been accepted. Straight rods are also sometimes used for the same purposes, and were not uncommon in early 19th-century New England.
Gregory concluded that the results were a matter of chance or explained by observations from ground surface clues. MacFadyen tested three dowsers during in Algeria. The results were entirely negative. Ongley tested 75 dowsers' ability to detect water.
None of them was more reliable than chance. According to Ongley "not one showed the slightest accuracy. Raine failed to dowse the location of a buried kiln that had been identified by a magnetometer.
Foulkes on behalf of the Ministry of Defence.Feb 04, · Essay | निबन्ध is a Channel developed especially for online free essays, articles, speeches, debates, biographies, stories & .
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